Pak Cheung Edgar An
Department of Ocean and Mechanical Engineering
Florida Atlantic University
Boca Raton, FL 33431
ofc: 561.297.2792, fax: 561.297.3885
PhD, Department of Electrical Engineering, University of New Hampshire, Durham, New Hampshire, May, 1991.
MSEE, Department of Electrical Engineering, University of New Hampshire, Durham, New Hampshire, May, 1988.
BSEE, University of Mississippi, Oxford, Mississippi, May, 1985.
2. Professional Experience
Associate Professorship (2000-present)
Assistant Professorship (1995-2000)
Visiting Assistant Professorship (1994-1995)
Post-doctoral Fellowship (1991-1994)
Machine Vision Development (Summer of 1991)
Research Assistantship (1987-1991)
Teaching Assistantship (1985-1987)
3. Teaching Experience
Intelligent Underwater Vehicle (EOC 6663)
Unmanned Underwater Vehicle Navigation (EOC 6934)
Dynamical Systems (EOC4620)
Engineering Laboratory (EOC3130C)
Real-Time Ocean Systems (EOC4610)
Environmental and Ocean Data Analysis (EOC3631)
Digital Electronics (EEL3341)
totAL m.s. tHESIS CHAIRING = 0
Total m.s. Thesis chaired = 6
Total PhD thesis serving = 0
total phd thesis served = 7
totAL m.s. tHESIS serving = 0
totAL m.s. tHESIS SERVED = 14
4. Refereed Publications
An Intelligent Driver Warning System, C.J. Harris, J.M. Roberts, P.E. An, 32p, book chapter, Knowledge-Based Intelligent Techniques in Industry, editor L.C. Jain, CRC Press, 1998.
Modeling and Simulation of Autonomous Underwater Vehicles: Design and Implementation, H. Song, E. An, A. Folleco, submitted to IEEE Transactions on Oceanic Engineering.
Submesoscale coastal ocean dynamics: A synergistic approach, Shay, L. K., T. M. Cook, P. E. An, Smith, S., H. Peters, A. Soloviev, R. Weisberg, A. J. Mariano, J. Van Leer and M. Luther. IEEE Transactions on Oceanic Engineering,(in preparation for JAOT)
Very High Frequency Radar Mapping of Surface Currents, L. Shay, T. Cook, H. Peters, R. Weisberg, E. An, A. Soloviev, Vol.27, No.2, pp.155-169, IEEE Transactions on Oceanic Engineering, April, 2002.
An AUV Survey in the Littoral Zone: Small-scale Subsurface Variability Accompanying Synoptic Observations of Surface Currents, M. Dhanak, E. An, K. Holappa, IEEE Transactions on Oceanic Engineering,Vol.26, No.4, pp.752-768, October 2001.
Enhancement of the Inertial Navigation System for the MORPHEUS Autonomous Underwater Vehicles, G. Grenon, E. An, S. Smith, A. Healey, Vol.26, No.4, pp.548-560, IEEE Transactions of Oceanic Engineering, October 2001.
Morpheus: Ultra Modular AUV for Coastal Survey and Reconnaissance, S. M. Smith, P. E.An, K. Holappa, J. Whitney, A. Burns, K. Nelson, E. Heatzig, O. Kempfe, E. Henderson, D. Kronen, T. Pantelakis, G. Font, R. Dunn, S. E. Dunn, Vol.26, No.4, pp.453-465, IEEE Transactions of Oceanic Engineering, October, 2001.
Design Time Optimal Robust Nonlinear Controllers for Autonomous Underwater Vehicles with Comparison of Simulated and At-sea Test Data, Feijun Song, Edgar An, Samuel M. Smith, Journal of Vibration and Control, (in press)
Coastal Oceanography Using a Small AUV, An, E., M. Dhanak, L. K. Shay, S. Smith, and J. VanLeer, J. Atmos. Oceanogr. Tech., Vol.18, pp.215-234, February, 2001.
VIA GIS, Internet Techniques AUV Visualization, Data Processing, A. Delarue, S. Smith, E. An, E. Fernandez, Sea Technology, Vol. 41, No. 5, pp.10-14, May, 2000.
VHF Radar Detects Submesoscale Vortex Along the Florida Coast, Shay, L. K., T. M. Cook, H. Peters, J. VanLeer, A. Mariano, P. E. An, S. Smith, B. K. Haus, J. Martinez, A. Soloviev, R. Weisberg and M. Luther, EOS, 81 (19), pp.209-213, 2000.
An Experimental Database of the Ocean Explorer AUV for Self-Motion Controlled Study, P.E. An, S.M. Smith, IEEE Transactions on Oceanic Engineering, Vol.23, No.3, pp.274-285, July, 1998.
Strategies for Simultaneous Multiple AUV Operation and Control, S.M. Smith, K. Ganesan, P.E. An, S.E. Dunn, International Journal of Systems Science, Vol.29, No.10, pp.1045-1063, 1998.
A Neurofuzzy Approach to Fuzzy Intelligent Driver Support Systems, C.J. Harris, N.D. Matthews, P.E. An, J.M Roberts, IMechE Journal, Vol.212, Part D, pp.43-58, 1998.
On the Convergence Rate Performance of the Normalized Least-Mean-Square Adaptation, P.E. An, M. Brown, C.J. Harris, IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks, Vol.8, No.5, pp.1211-1213, September, 1997.
Weighted Mixture of Locally Generalized Experts for On-line Learning, P.E. An, Mathematics of Neural Networks: Models, Algorithms and Applications, pp.67-72, editor S.W. Ellacott, J. Mason, I.J.Anderson, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1997.
Vehicle Detection and Recognition in Greyscale Imagery, N.D. Matthews, C.J. Harris, P.E. An, Control Engineering Practice, Vol.4, No.4, pp.473-479, 1996.
An Intelligent Driver Warning System for Vehicle Collision Avoidance, P.E. An, C.J. Harris, IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, Vol. 26, No. 2, pp.254-261, March, 1996.
A Global Gradient Noise Covariance Expression for Stationary Real Gaussian Inputs, P.E. An, M. Brown, C.J. Harris, IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks, Vol. 6, No. 6, pp.1549-1551, November, 1995.
Associative Memory Networks: Adaptive Modelling Theory, Software Implementation and Graphical User Interface, P.E. An, M. Brown, C.J. Harris, A. J. Lawrence, C. J. Moore, Journal of Engineering Applications in Artificial Intelligence, Vol.7, No.1, pp.1-21, 1994.
Comparative Aspects of Neural Network Algorithms for On-line Modelling of Dynamic Processes, P.E. An, M. Brown, S. Chen, C.J. Harris, Journal of Institute of Mechnical Engineering, Vol.207, pp.223-241, 1993.
Design Time Optimal Robust Nonlinear Controllers for Autonomous Underwater Vehicles with Comparison of Simulated and At-sea Test Data, F. Song, P.E. An, S. M. Smith, Technical Session on Active Control of Nonlinear Dynamical Systems, 8th Conference on Nonlinear Vibrations, Stability & Dynamics of Structures, July, 2000.
Software Development of the Hardware-in-the-loop Implementation and 3D Viewer for Ocean Explorer, Frederi Mahieu, Andres Folleco, Edgar An, Sam Smith, SPIE 2000, April, Orlando, Florida.
Four Dimensional Coastal Ocean Dynamics Detected by Ocean Surface Current Radar and Autonomous Underwater Vehicles, L.K. Shay, P.E. An, US/UK Modeling Workshop.
Using Small AUVS For Oceanographic Measurements, M. Dhanak, E. An, K. Holappa, S. Smith, Oceans 99, Vol. 3, pp.1410-1417, Seattle, Washington, 1999.
AUV data processing and visualization using GIS and Internet techniques, A. Delarue, S. Smith, E. An, Oceans 99, Vol.2, pp.738-742, Seattle, Washington, 1999.
Shallow Water Multiplexer Development for the South Florida Ocean Measurement Center (SFOMC), E. An, R. Coulson, J. Webb, D. Williams, R. Reibman, S. Dunn, Oceans 99, Vol. 2, pp.1009-1016, Seattle, Washington, 1999.
The Challenge of Submesoscale Coastal Ocean Dynamics, N. Shay, P.E. An, submitted to UK/US Ocean Modeling Workshop, January, 1999.
An Ultra Modular Plastic Mini AUV Platform for VSW Mine Reconnaissance, S. Smith, P. An, D. Kronen, R. Dunn, J. Whitney, J. Frankenfield, T. Pantelakis, A. Burns, E. Heatzig, SPIE Aerosense, Orlando, Florida, April, 1999.
Results of an Experiment Using AUVs for Shallow Water Mine Reconnaissance, S. Smith, P. An, R. Christensen, J. Kloske, S. Snowden, D. Kronen, L. Marquis, SPIE Aerosense, Orlando, Florida, April, 1999.
Flow Measurements in an Atmospherically Forced Shallow Water Column During the Passage of a Cold Front Using A Small AUV, P.E. An, M. Dhanak, N. Shay, J.Van Leer, 13th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence, January, 1999.
Regional Oceanography Using a Small AUV, P.E. An, M. Dhanak, UUV Showcase 98, Southampton Oceanography Center, pp.119-129, September, 1998.
A Co-operative Data Management Scheme for AUV Applications, P.E. An, G. Bayard, K. Ganesan, S.M. Smith, Oceans 98, Vol.3, pp.1733-1738, Nice, France, September, 1998.
Modeling and Simulation for the FAU AUVS: Ocean Explorer, P.E. An, L. Lin, D. Marco, K. Ganesan, S. Smith, T. Healey, Oceans 98, Vol.3, pp.1728-1732, Nice, France, September, 1998.
On Line Compensation of Heading Sensor Bias for Low Cost AUVs, P.E. An, T. Healey, AUV 98 Navigation Workshop, pp.35-42, Draper Lab, Massachusetts, August, 1998.
Development of Hydrographic Survey Capabilities on the Ocean Explorer AUV, S. Smith, J. Park, J. Rivero, T. Pantalakis, E. Henderson, E. An, Oceanology International Conference, Vol.2, pp.109-118, Brighton, UK, March, 1998.
Sub-mesoscale Coastal Ocean Dynamics Using Autonomous Underwater Vehicles and HF Radar, S.M. Smith, P.E. An, J. Park, L.K. Shay, H. Peters, J. Van Leer, 2nd conference on Coastal Atmospheric and Oceanic Prediction and Processes (by American Meterological Society), pp.143-150, Phoenix, Arizona, January, 1998.
Asynchronous Data Fusion for AUV Navigation Via Heuristic Fuzzy Filtering Techniques, Oceans 97 Conference, Vol.1, pp.397-402, Nova Scotia, Canada, October, 1997.
Six DOF Nonlinear AUV Simulation Toolbox, X. Chen, D. Marco, S. Smith, P.E. An, K. Ganesan, T. Healey, Oceans 97, Vol.2, pp.1070-1074, Conference, Nova Scotia, Canada, October, 1997.
New Experimental Results on Shallow-Water Autonomous Underwater Vehicle Motion in Controlled Environments, P.E. An, S.M Smith, S.E. Dunn, X. Chen, L. Mu, the 7th International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference, Vol.2, pp.69-75, Honolulu, Hawaii, May, 1997.
The Development of Autonomous Underwater Vehicle Based Survey and Sampling Capabilities for Coastal Exploration, S.M. Smith, E. An, D. Kronen, K. Ganesan, J. Park, S.E. Dunn, pp. 30-35, Oceans 96, Ft. Lauderdale, Florida, September, 1996.
New Experimental Results on GPS/INS Integration using Ocean Voyager II AUV, P.E. An, A.J. Healey, S.M. Smith, S.E. Dunn, IEEE AUV 96, pp.249-255, Monterey, CA, June, 1996.
Ocean Flow Measurement Using an Autonomous Underwater Vehicle, K. Holappa, M. Dhanak, S.M. Smith, P.E. An, IEEE AUV 96, pp.424-429, Monterey, CA, June, 1996.
A Quantitative Measure of Sea-State Effect on Small Autonomous Underwater Vehicle Motion in Shallow Water, P.E. An, G. Leavitt, S.M. Smith, S.E. Dunn, Oceanology International 96, pp.211-233, Brighton, UK, March, 1996.
Data Collection with Multiple AUVs for Coastal Oceanography, S.M. Smith, S.E. Dunn, P.E. An, Oceanology International 96, pp.263-279, Brighton, U.K, March, 1996.
Strategies for Simultaneous Multiple AUV Operation and Control, S.M. Smith, K. Ganesan, S.E. Dunn, P.E. An, IARP 96, France, April, 1996.
Regularization-Based Mixture-of-Experts, P.E. An, World Congress on Neural Networks, Washington, Vol. I, pp.449-453, D.C, July, 1995.
Vehicle Detection and Recognition in Greyscale Imagery, N.D. Matthews, P.E. An, C.J. Harris, 2nd Int. IFAC Workshop on Intelligent Autonomous Vehicles, pp.1-6, Helsinki, Finland, 1995.
On the Condition of Adaptive Neurofuzzy Models, 4th IEEE Int. Conf. on Fuzzy Systems and 2nd Int. Fuzzy Engineering Symp., pp.663-670, Yokohama, Japan, 1995.
On Real Time Vehicle Guidance and Driver Modelling Within Prometheus, P.E. An, M. Brown, C.J. Harris, 7th Symposium on Transportation Systems: Theory and Application of Advanced Technology, Tianjing, China, August, 1994.
A Reinforcement Learning Approach to On-line Optimal Control, P.E. An, S. Aslam-Mir, M. Brown, C.J. Harris, IEEE World Congress on Computational Intelligence, pp.2465-2471, Orlando, Florida, July, 1994.
Active Neuro-Control of Large Flexible Aerospace Structures, S. Aslam-Mir, D. McLean, P.E. An, M. Brown, C.J. Harris, SPIE International Symposium on Optical Engineering and Photonics in Aerospace Sensing, Orlando, Florida, April, 1994.
High Order Instantaneous Learning Algorithms for On-line Training, Proc. of the IMACS Int. Symp. on Signal Processing, Robotics and Neural Networks, Lille, France, pp.525-529, April, 1994.
Aspects of Instantaneous On-Line Learning Rules, P.E. An, M. Brown, C.J. Harris, IEE International Conference on Control, Coventry, Vol. I, pp.646-651, April, 1994.
Theoretical Aspects of the CMAC and its Application to High Dimensional Aerospace Modelling Problems, P.E. An, S. Aslam-Mir, M. Brown, C.J. Harris, D. McLean, IEE International Conference on Control, Coventry, Vol. II, pp. 1466-1471, April, 1994.
A Unified Framework of Associative Memory Neural Networks for Adaptive Dynamic Modelling, Control and Estimation, C.J. Harris, P.E. An, M. Brown, World Med' 93, Colloque Robotique et maintenance industrielle complexe, pp.48-76, October, 1993.
Comparative Aspects of Associative Memory Networks for Modelling, P.E. An, M. Brown, C.J. Harris, A.J. Lawrence, C.G. Moore, Proc. of the 2nd European Control Conference, Groningen, Netherlands, Vol.2, pp.454-459, July, 1993.
Action Planning for the collision Avoidance System Using Neural Networks, M. Arain, R. Tribe, P.E. An, C. J. Harris, Proc. of the Intelligent Vehicle Symposium, Tokyo, Japan, pp.119-124, July, 1993.
How Biased is Your Multi-Layered Perceptron?, M. Brown, P.E. An, C.J. Harris, H. Wang, 1st World Congress in Neural Networks Conference, Portland, Oregon, pp.507-511, July, 1993.
Aspects of Neural Networks in Intelligent Collision Avoidance Systems for Prometheus, P. E. An, C. J. Harris, R. Tribe, N. Clarke, Joint Framework for Information Technology, University of Keele, UK, pp.129-135, March, 1993.
Multi-Dimensional Locally Generalizing Neural Networks for Real Time Control, P.E. An, C.J. Harris, IFAC for Artificial Intelligence and Real Time Control, Groningen, Netherlands, pp.741-750, 1992.
Design Improvements in Associative Memories for Cerebellar Model Articulation Controllers (CMAC), P.E. An, W.T. Miller, P.C. Parks, Proc. International Conference on Artificial Neural Networks, Helsinki, North Holland, Vol.2, pp.1207-1210, 1991.
A Comparison of CMAC Architectures for Neural Network Based Control, L.G. Kraft, P.E. An, D. Campagna, G. Norris, 29th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, Honolulu, Hawaii, December 1990.
The Design of CMAC Neural Networks for Control, W.T. Miller, P.E. An, M.J. Carter, F.H. Glanz, 6th Yale Workshop on Adaptive and Learning System, Yale University, August, 1990.
Slow Learning in CMAC Networks and Implications for Fault Tolerance, M.J. Carter, W.T. Miller, P.E. An, A. Nucci, F. Rudolph, 24th Annual Conference on Information Sciences and Systems, Princeton University, March 1990.
A Comparison of CMAC controller Weight Update Laws, L.G. Kraft, P.E. An, D. Campagna, 28th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, pp.1746-1747, Tampa, Florida, December 1989.
5. Professional Service
5.1 National/International Service
Memberships in Professional Associations
Space Automation and Robotics Technical Committee (SARTC), 1995-1997.
American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), 1995-1997.
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineering Society (IEEE).
International Neural Network Society (INNS).
Overview of FAU AUV Program, American Society of Naval Engineers Day, Crystal City, Virginia, April 29-30, 2002 (invited by Captain John Preisel).
Shallow Water Coastal Oceanography Using AUVs, Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Robotics Research Centre, Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore, March 21-22, 2001.
Summary of GOATS 2000 Experiment, Saclante Center, LaSpezia, Italy, January 10-11, 2001.
UUVS Conference 2000, Southampton, U.K., September 27-28 2000.
FAU AUV Technology, University of Hong Kong, December 14, 1999.
Neuro-Fuzzy Modeling and Control at Institute of Control and Industrial Electronics at Warsaw University of Technology, Warsaw, Poland, December 3-10, 1996.
Organization of Workshops
U.S. – Korea Research Cooperation on the Development of a Deep Sea nmanned Underwater Vehicle, April 22-23, 2002, Taejong, Korea (organizers: Norm Caplan, Dick Blidberg, Edgar An)
1st AUV Technology workshop in the Department of Ocean Engineering at Florida Atlantic University, Jan 13-15, 1997.
1st workshop on Nonlinear Learning and Control at Southampton University, UK., June, 1994.
National Science Foundation funded Neural Networks for Control Systems Workshop in Portsmouth (assisted), New Hampshire, 1988.
SACLANTE sea acceptance test, La Spezia & Elba, Italy, February – March, 2002
GOATS 2000 using OEX C, Elba, Italy, October, 2000.
FBEH 2000 using Morpheus, Ft. Lauderdale & Panama City, FL, June, August, 2000.
4D Current Experiment in July of 1999 using FAU OEX with U. Miami OSCR, Cyclesonde.
NICOP experiment in December of 1997 using Southampton Oceanography Center's Autosub and FAU Ocean Explorer AUVs.
Self-motion experiments in a controlled environment using the MASK wave facilities located at Carderock Division Naval Surface Research and Development Center, April, 1996.
NSF and DOE proposals.
IEEE Trans. on Fuzzy Systems, IEEE Trans. on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, Automatica, International Journal of Systems Science, International Journal of Neural Systems, International Journal of Control, IEEE Transactions on Oceanic Engineering.
UUST conference papers for UUST 97, New Hampshire, Interational Offshore and Polar Engineering conference, 1998.